Abstract：In this paper, vegetable fields and adjacent grain fields in different cinnamon areas were selected as the research objects. The main physical and chemical nutrient traits of different Soil layers were studied by field investigation and sampling analysis. The results showed that the soil pH values of vegetable fields in different areas were lower than those of the adjacent Grain fields, the electrical conductivities in the former were than those in the latter. Soil nutrient contents in vegetable fields, such as organic matter, total nitrogen, available nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, Fe, Mn, Cu and Zn, were higher than those in adjacent grain fields. The primary cause was increased fertilizers used by farmers in vegetable production. All the determined soil nutrient decreased a soil depth increased. The coefficient variation of available phosphorus was the largest, and pH was the smallest. As distinct crop types were planted in different regions, soil nutrient supply capacities also showed greater differences So it is suggested that fertilization should be carried out according to the target crop yield as nutrient Requirements and regional soil nutrient supplies, which could reduce nutrient loss into environment.